How to Build a Deck Frame

How to Build a Deck Frame

whilst your deck posts are all installed, its time to construct the deck body. The frame in this educational basically represents all of the primary guide beams that your deck will require the perimeter, of course, and also a few beams running via the middle of the deck perimeter to guide the middle sections of the deck ground. This procedure is absolutely pretty simple and simple, so theres no need to procrastinate any longer. lets get to it!

Youll need to begin installing your deck body on the sturdiest, most solid point to your deck. in the case that youre mounting to your house, that factor is wherein the deck starts offevolved to leave the house. degree from one corner to the farthest corner of your outer publish. (non-obligatory: depending on the lengths of lumber that you are managing, it may make extra experience in order to add three to this size and feature your outer frame enlarge 3 past the nook on this side. This connection may be defined later.)

reduce two portions of 2×6 pretreated lumber to this duration.

clamp the 2 pieces of lumber together in two instructions: (1) to hold the boards pressed together, and (2) to hold the perimeters of the boards flush with each other.

Use 2-half of outside wood screws to connect the forums. a couple of screws each 2 or so is masses; you dont need to go wild here.

In the instance that your outer deck frame abuts with a wall-installed deck frame, a putting bracket wont paintings due to the fact one facet of it has not anything to attach to but air.

Use a heavy obligation kreg jig to drill four pocket holes into your doubled-up 2×6, two on each facet at one stop.

Have your 2-half of heavy responsibility pocket screws available.

Prop the doubled-up 2x6s up so the tops of the lumber are flush with the connection lumber (in this situation, the wall-hooked up lumber). Use 2-half heavy obligation pocket screws to connect the boards.

installation pocket screws into all four pocket holes, consistent with facet. The outside edges of your corner should now be flush.


area a level in your doubled-up deck frame boards to look in which it'll attach to the corner submit.

In the instance that you are attaching this doubled-up 2×6 to a bracketed 2×6 cedar pergola submit, youll word that the heads of your lag bolts and washers increase outward, this means that that your deck body wont be able to lie flush onto your posts which you worked so hard to make even and square and level.

Dont fear. absolutely use a hammer and chisel to get rid of the part of your deck frame so as to pass over top of the bolt heads.

measure how a ways out the bolt heads and washers increase, and degree the size of the bracket rectangle itself, then chisel out that a good deal.

Set a degree on the doubled-up boards, and make certain its stage as you align the floating stop with the submit.

preserving the extent and your doubled-up deck frame forums in location, predrill holes to your lag bolts (try to attain the drill bit into the corner publish if you may). Drill out about half of deep with a elimination bit this is slightly bigger than your washers.

this could allow the bolt heads to enter the lumber, rather than stick out, if you want to help immensely whilst you visit installation your outdoors deck forums.

Use a ratchet drill bit to put in your lag bolts WITH WASHERS. Dont ever neglect the washers on these. (those are three/8 diameter four long lag bolts, which is long sufficient because of the countersinking.)


As you can see, the face of your deck frame is flush, with the lag bolts countersunk into the pretreated lumber.

install a full lag bolt and washer to maintain the board in place whilst you do the alternative lag bolt. Repeat the technique for a 2d lag bolt. you could install a 3rd and/or fourth if youd like, however its not important.

Now that the 2 corners are installed, use the equal lag bolt system for attaching the doubled-up deck frame to any center 4×four posts.

Now that the primary doubled-up deck body perimeter piece is installed, youll use its quit to start your 2nd segment. This subsequent section could be installed similar to the first, with some matters to keep in mind.

while you measure this second stretch of outer deck framing, youll need to measure to a mountable factor. In this situation, it became halfway through our 2d pergola submit. you may locate yours to hit a 4×4 publish; degree to the halfway point of this so that both ends may be connected.

also, and this is very important, youll need to degree from the OUTER nook of your body. In this example, now that weve brought a doubled-up lumber frame, youll measure to the outside nook of those forums as opposed to the nook of the submit. The nook of the post way not anything to you anymore, with relation to frame board period. (but, if you selected at the start to add three in your unique board length and still have a 3 overhang of doubled-up deck framing, youll degree to the inside of those boards.)

thankfully, the bracket of your pergola post only needs to be treated on one facet, so at least considered one of your deck frame installations wont require chiseling. Hooray!

begin the subsequent segment of deck frame set up on the quit factor of the remaining phase, which ought to be on the middle of a deck frame submit. lag bolts have to offer plenty of aid at each submit, if youve accomplished the studies and spaced the forums out in step with advocated spatial-weight ratios.

whilst you come to some extent to your deck that doesnt can help you mount a bracket, neither does it let you install pocket screws onto both sides of your doubled-up framing boards, you would possibly have to get innovative.

in this example, pocket holes were drilled on one aspect of the doubled-up boards in addition to at the pinnacle.

A 6 corner bracket changed into then installed with #eight nails to feature additional assist.

at the same time as its no longer how a deck might be framed in the best global, you sometimes must get creative whilst dealing with obstacles and retrofitting some thing in location. This setup will provide plenty of support on this little nook.

note, once more, the way you should carefully keep in mind which side of a corner can accommodate the extra 3 period of your forums. You cant surely measure to the corner of the publish on each facets, because that would depart you with a 3 clean rectangular on the very outer corner of your deck.

In some times, the lag screws must be installed from the post side out to the doubled-up deck body. That takes place whilst theres a everlasting obstacle on the periphery that wont permit get admission to to that aspect of the deck body. If this is the case, countersink about 1 into your 4×4 post so that a 4 lag screw will hit into the second (outer) 2×6 pretreated lumber of your deck frame.

some sections of your deck body may include a diffusion of those deck framing strategies, and thats flawlessly quality as long as every is installed with sufficient assist in its own right.

At this point, following this routine system, you ought to have completed the outer perimeter of your deck body.

It cant be stressed sufficient, as you figure in this, to check and double-check for degree and flush at each point. Being unique and correct at this stage of the game will now not handiest make it less complicated for you as you begin operating at the deck ground, but it'll also make the end result turn out plenty better.

depending on the dimensions of your deck, though, you may want to add in a piece extra framing for aid. This deck may be 14 by means of about 25 at the longest point, so we will need additional framing beams walking across the deck. observe: deploy those support beams within the same direction as you want your deck ground boards to run.

along with your tape aligned on the edges of the posts that you'll be using for those assist boards, degree from the inside edges of your deck frame. Mark this duration on two 2×6 pretreated lumber boards, and cut them one at a time. Stack the forums and give them a -directional clamping all the way down the forums.

all over again, youll need to screw those boards collectively.

these beams will be inside the center of your deck and, for that reason, will deliver the majority of your deck guide responsibilities. five lag screws can be used for these.

holding the doubled-up boards in vicinity, flush in opposition to the two posts that they will be the use of for support, vicinity a double 2×6 bracket in opposition to the wall-hooked up framing board.

Mark the placement of the bracket, along with the inner facets and the top. ensure that a helper is conserving the opposite end of the beam flush and in line on the alternative side of your deck frame, so that your markings are accurate. note that the bracket will not be installed flush with the pinnacle of the 2×6 body; rather, it will be installed a little bit lower in order that the beam it holds is flush.

Use #eight nails again to put in the bracket, using your pencil marks as tips.

vicinity the beam into the bracket.

Pound within the additional nails into the beam lumber; there must be two diagonal nails into every of the 2x6s to your doubled-up beam.

clamp the other quit of your beam in vicinity, keeping all edges flush and paying precise interest to the tops of your framing boards. those need to be calmly flat.

deploy the other stop of your post the use of the same steps for deck frame installation that youve used previously: predrill, drill countersinking hollow, ratchet in lag screw and washing machine. Repeat.

subsequent, move onto mounting your beam to the middle publish, considering each ends are now firmly installed.

Youll probably want to clamp the beam to the post while youre predrilling and ratcheting in the lag screws. even supposing its flush initially, the beam has an inclination to push away from the submit as youre screwing it in.

Repeat for the alternative center beams.

Congratulations! Youve finished installing the main help beams on your deck.

next will come joists, installed perpendicular to the beams.

but, for a minute, sit down returned and revel in what youve created to this point. Its turning into a reality, and youre getting things completed. nicely carried out.

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